International Council on English Braille (ICEB)
Unified English Braille (UEB)

UEB Rulebook, Second Edition, 2013

The UEB Rulebook for transcribers is available as a PDF file; see
Rules of Unified English Braille 2013.pdf.

The same UEB Rulebook is also available as a PDF with links, which may be especially convenient for navigation when accessing the document directly online. See
Rules of Unified English Braille 2013 (linked).pdf.

The braille edition of the UEB Rulebook, in six volumes, is available as formatted braille (BRF) files with page size 25 lines by 30 cells:
Rules of Unified English Braille 2013 vol 1.brf (front matter, Sections 1-2)
Rules of Unified English Braille 2013 vol 2.brf (Sections 3-8)
Rules of Unified English Braille 2013 vol 3.brf (Sections 9-10)
Rules of Unified English Braille 2013 vol 4.brf (Sections 11-16)
Rules of Unified English Braille 2013 vol 5.brf (Appendices 1 [shortforms list] and 2 [word list])
Rules of Unified English Braille 2013 vol 6.brf (Appendix 3 [symbols list] )

Changes from First (2010) UEB Rulebook

The Preface to the 2013 edition contains a summary of what is new or changed; for convenience, the following is an excerpt from that Preface:

The following sections of the Rulebook are new:

This edition includes two new appendices which are:

Also new to this edition are:

Other changes have been made to correct errors in the first edition (of which there were very few) and to clarify issues. Refer, in particular, to:

Guidelines for Technical Material

This guidelines document has been produced by the Maths Focus Group, a subgroup of the former UEB Rules Committee during the UEB development phase. The purpose of this document is to give transcribers enough information and examples to produce Mathematics, Science and Computer notation in Unified English Braille:
Guidelines for Technical Material (PDF format)
Guidelines for Technical Material (DOC [Microsoft Word] format, read-only)
Guidelines for Technical Material (BRF [formatted braille] format)

UEB History

In April 2004, the ICEB General Assembly declared Unified English Braille to be substantially complete and that it could be recognized as an international standard and considered for adoption by individual countries. The original UEBC Research Project and its subcommittees were disbanded and replaced by a new project charged with oversight over UEB, including its further development.

Subsequently, after official adoption in five countries, the ICEB Executive, at its July 2010 meeting, determined that the development phase was complete and replaced the development project with a UEB Maintenance Committee.

Some of the documents pertinent to the research phase of the project, as listed in UEBC Research Project Information -- especially the final committee reports presented at the 2004 General Assembly -- are useful as background information as to how UEB was developed and why certain decisions were made. However, the documents listed on this page provide the most up-to-date information about UEB and in particular, the Rulebook should be considered definitive.

Samples of UEB

Some of the ICEB member organizations have examples of material written in UEB on their websites.


ICEB contact information
ICEB home page
Page content last updated: February 12, 2014.