[ ICEB logo ]

International Council on English Braille (ICEB)

Quick links: Unified English Braille, IPA Braille, Committees, Contact Us, Site Map

Braille, a system of raised dots, is the primary literacy medium for people who are blind, deafblind, or have severe low vision. The International Council on English Braille (ICEB) coordinates and promotes the use of braille throughout the English-speaking world.


ICEB Mid-Term Executive Meeting to be held virtually from 5 to 9 June 2022

ICEB will hold the mid-term meeting of its Executive Committee virtually from 5 June through 9 June, 2022. Each day's session will take place from 20:00 to 23:00 UTC. You can view the agenda at ICEB Mid-term Executive Agenda. Observers who wish to attend may complete the Registration Form. There is no charge for registration.

Press Release: ICEB Reaffirms the Importance of Braille during Times of Pandemic and International Crises

Press Release: ICEB compiles adult braille instruction resources from across English-Speaking countries

Four New Shortform Words Added to UEB Rules

The ICEB Executive and Code Maintenance Committee have approved the following four words to be added to the Rules of Unified English Braille 2013, Appendix 1: Shortforms List:

ICEB 7th General Assembly held online in October 2020

The 7th General Assembly of the International Council on English Braille was held online in the week of 18 to 22 October 2020. The General Assembly serves as a time to get together and celebrate the importance of braille, as well as a formal setting for organisational operations.

All materials relating to the General Assembly are now available from the ICEB 2020 page, including live stream recordings, reports, paper presentations and resolutions.

Our thanks are extended to UKAAF (UK Association for Accessible Formats) and RNIB (Royal National Institute of Blind People) for organising and hosting the virtual event in partnership with Academy London, Google's dedicated learning space.

We welcome our newly elected Executive Committee of Judy Dixon (President), Christo de Klerk (Immediate Past President), Ilka Staeglin (Vice President, Ireland), Frances Mary d'Andrea (Secretary, USA), Jen Goulden (Treasurer, Canada), Kathy Riessen (UEB Code Maintenance Committee Chair), Maria Stevens (Public Relations Officer, New Zealand) and Members-at-Large James Bowden (UK), Jordie Howell (Australia) and Ntshevheni Netshituni (South Africa).

Update to the rules for quotation marks and apostrophes

ICEB is pleased to announce the approval of new rules for quotation marks and the apostrophe. The rule is simplified, removing the concepts of “nonspecific” and “predominant” quotes; the importance of the apostrophe in braille is emphasized; there is an expanded section on avoiding ambiguity; and a section is added to give guidance for software developers. There are several new examples.

The new rules can be downloaded below:
Rules of UEB section 7.6 Quotation marks, apostrophe (PDF) - recommended for print readers
Rules of UEB section 7.6 Quotation marks, apostrophe (BRF) - recommended for use with a refreshable braille display
Rules of UEB section 7.6 Quotation marks, apostrophe (Word) - available for use with a screen reader

Update to the Guidelines for Technical Material

We are pleased to release the first section of the updated Guidelines for Technical Material, Section 3 "Signs of Operation and Comparison":
GTM 3. Signs of Operation and Comparison (PDF) - recommended for print readers
GTM 3. Signs of Operation and Comparison (BRF) - recommended for use with a refreshable braille display
GTM 3. Signs of Operation and Comparison (Word) - available for use with a screen reader

Further updates to Unified English Braille, as addendums to the Rules of Unified English Braille and the Guidelines for Technical Material, are now also available as downloadable files and on the UEB page. All of these updates are approved for immediate use.

ICEB newsletter

ICEB has launched a quarterly newsletter with up-to-date stories on ICEB activities, and braille news and events from around the world. The most recent issue was released in March 2022.

See the Braille Promotion page for back issues and a link to automatically receive the newsletter when it is released.

Survey on international use of UEB

ICEB is eager to know more about the use of UEB in non-member countries. If you can provide information, please complete our survey at www.surveymonkey.com/r/VKPXR7H or contact us at info@iceb.org.

Face-to-face meetings

The executive of the ICEB meets face-to-face once every two years, at the start and end of the General Assembly and at a two year interval between Assemblies.

The most recent meeting was The 7th General Assembly of ICEB which was held online from 18 to 22 October, 2020.

The 2022 mid-term Executive meeting is provisionally scheduled to be held in Montreal in May 2022

Braille Music

ICEB's Braille Music Committee has compiled a list of resources on how Braille Music and UEB can be used together.

List of Training Resources Updated

ICEB has compiled a list of UEB training and resource materials available from its member countries. This list was last updated in February 2018.

Updated (2013) Edition of the UEB Rulebook Published

The UEB Rulebook was updated in June 2013. Since then, several amendments have been advised. See Unified English Braille (UEB) for details.

Purpose and General Organization of the ICEB

The purpose of the International Council on English Braille is to coordinate and improve standards for braille usage for all English-speaking users of braille. Refer to the ICEB Committee page for details of its organization, committees and representatives.

The members of the ICEB are the various countries where English is spoken, and membership is open to all such countries. The present membership consists the following seven countries:

The ICEB Constitution was adopted May 31, 1991, and last revised November 30, 2020.

ICEB General Assembly Archives

The ICEB General Assembly meets every four years.

ICEB Codes

Further Information

For further information about the ICEB, see ICEB contact information.

See also the current ICEB Brochure for a more complete mission statement, information on activities and sources of funding, and other ways of contacting ICEB.

web access symbol (for people with disabilities)

A globe, marked with a grid, tilts at an angle. A keyhole is cut into its surface.

(This symbol, defined and used with the permission of NCAM, signifies that this site is designed for accessibility.)

ICEB contact information
Page content last updated: April 17, 2022.